Most likely, the school has the wireless access points going through a server that authenticates MAC addresses based on if they provided a valid username and password. There are many other setups they could have going, but having done no research on this particular network, I couldn't tell you. I have a similar setup where I go to school. What I do to get online is this:
Run kismet or a similar wireless sniffer. Identify MAC addresses that are on one of the access points with the wireless sniffer. Change your MAC to be the same as one that is already on it. If you've got Linux, kismet is the way to go (depending on your wireless card, Wellenreiter is also pretty cool, though I'm not sure if it will find MACs). Then changing your mac is as easy as "sudo ifconfig eth0 hw ether [new MAC address]." You can find all the info on google. If you've got windows there are a few wireless sniffers that will do the trick--like "Cain and Abel." I think Wellenreiter has a Windows distrobution as well.
Anyway, the point is, change your MAC to one that's already authenticated. That may work. If not, depending on the network, it will probably be quite difficult to get past an authentication server.